The Bank of England’s recent decision to increase the interest rates has raised concerns about its impact on the UK economy. This article examines the implications of the rate hike and its effects on different aspects of the economy.

The Current Status of UK Real Rates

Currently, the UK has among the lowest real policy rates globally. However, projections indicate that this will change rapidly due to declining inflation and aggressive rate-hike expectations.



Factors Contributing to the Rising Real Policy Rate

The expected decline in inflation, driven by base effects and the energy price cap falling from July, along with market expectations, contribute to the anticipated rise in the UK’s real policy rates.


Potential Consequences for the Economy

The increase in real policy rates raises concerns about its impact on the UK economy. Positive signs of stabilization in weak growth, such as mortgage approvals and consumer confidence, may be undermined by higher mortgage rates, which can dampen spending and confidence in the housing market.


Impact on the Housing Market

UK mortgage rates and consumer confidence have shown an inverse relationship over the past decade. Higher mortgage rates, especially as more borrowers transition from fixed-rate deals, can affect consumer spending and erode confidence in the housing market.


Market Response and Economic Fallout

The rates market reflects concerns about the potential economic fallout resulting from aggressive rate hikes. While front SONIA futures have sold off, contracts expiring in 2024 and 2025 are rallying, indicating uncertainty about the consequences of these rate increases.



The Bank of England’s decision to raise interest rates has significant implications for the UK economy. The projected increase in real policy rates, driven by declining inflation and aggressive rate-hike expectations, poses risks to various sectors. The housing market, in particular, is vulnerable to the impact of higher mortgage rates on consumer spending and confidence. The full consequences of these rate hikes remain to be seen.



Will higher real policy rates benefit savers?

Higher real policy rates may offer better returns for savers, but they could also increase borrowing costs and discourage investment.


How will higher mortgage rate affect homeowners?

Higher mortgage rates can lead to increased monthly payments for homeowners, potentially impacting affordability and reducing demand in the housing market.


Are there any potential positive outcomes of higher real policy rate?

Higher real policy rates can help address inflationary pressures and provide long-term stability to the economy.


Will the Bank of England reconsider its rate hike decision?

While a reconsideration is possible, current indications suggest a commitment to the projected rate hike path.


How might the economy be affected if rate hikes have a significant negative impact?

Significant negative impacts from rates hike could result in reduced consumer spending, lower business investment, and an overall economic slowdown.


Limitless Articles for Empire Members only